By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few whole descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain tune of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists can be specially attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically autonomous phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate invaluable analyses of, between others, gender and contract; demanding, point, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they are going to come upon many morphosyntactic adjustments among Eton and the higher identified japanese and Southern Bantu languages, usually as a result of evolutions formed through maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and complicated buildings offer info not often present in resources at the languages of the sector, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library)
Figure 4 shows all vowel phonemes of Eton (plus the allophone [ŵ] of the phoneme /Ų/) as pronounced by Désiré Essono. The measurements were taken in different phonological contexts, with between 15 and 20 tokens per vowel. 000 Hz. Since the difference between the back vowels /o/ and /Þ/ is less difficult to hear in Pie-Claude Ondobo’s idiolect than in that of Désiré Essono, I made a vowel plot for the former’s back vowels as well (Figure 5). Pie-Claude’s voice was analogically recorded with a Nagra and then digitalised using the programme Sound Edit.
Gۅb/ /gۅbà/ ‘throw’ (v) /kۅp&l/ ‘be talkative’ (v) /t/ vs. /kۅp/ /tám/ ‘feather’ /kۅpám/ ‘cross’ (v) /k/ vs. )’ /t/ vs. /k/ /tŲڮg/ ‘weaken’ (v) /kŲڟg/ ‘break’ (v) /b/ vs. /d/ /bá/ ‘marry’ (v) /dá/ ‘lose’ (v) /t/ vs. /d/ /dì͡/ ‘love’ (v) /tì͡/ ‘weave’ (v) /b/ vs. /Ě/ /báb/ ‘warm up’ (v) /Ěàb/ ‘be long’ (v) /t/ vs. /s/ /tám/ ‘feather’ /s$m/ ‘flower bud’ /b/ vs. /gۅb/ /bá/ ‘marry’ (v) /gۅbà/ ‘throw’ (v) /ҷ/ vs. /kۅp/ /ҷàm/ ‘chase away’ (v) /kۅpám/ ‘jump over’ (v) /b/ vs. /g/ /díbân/ ‘be edible’ (v) /dígá/ ‘sting’ (v) /ҷ/ vs.
Pie-Claude’s voice was analogically recorded with a Nagra and then digitalised using the programme Sound Edit. 000 Hertz. The vowels are also measured in different contexts, with at 28 Phonology least 60 tokens per vowel. The plots were made with the programme Akustyk,12 which operates in Praat. Note the relatively high F2 value for /u/ in both analyses. Figure 4. Vowel plot: all vowels, Désiré Essono-Biyebe 12. I wish to thank Bartek Plichta, the maker of Akustyk, for making his programme available, for inserting the Eton vowel chart in the programme and for his help.