Language Grammar

Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines by Kjersti Fløttum

By Kjersti Fløttum

This booklet explores how the voices of authors and different researchers are manifested in educational discourse, and the way the writer handles the polyphonic interplay among those quite a few events. It represents a different research of educational discourse in that it takes a doubly contrastive strategy, concentrating on the 2 elements of self-discipline and language even as. it's in accordance with a wide digital corpus of 450 examine articles from 3 disciplines (economics, linguistics and medication) in 3 languages (English, French and Norwegian). The booklet investigates even if disciplines and languages should be acknowledged to symbolize diverse cultures with reference to individual manifestation within the texts. what's being studied is hence cultural identities as traits in linguistic practices. for almost all of the beneficial properties curious about (e.g. metatext and bibliographical references), the self-discipline issue seems to give a contribution extra strongly to the difference saw than the language issue. despite the fact that, for the various positive factors (e.g. pronouns and negation), the language issue can be fairly powerful.

Show description

Read Online or Download Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines PDF

Best language & grammar books

Translating and Interpreting Conflict.

The connection among translation and clash is very suitable in state-of-the-art globalised and fragmented global, and this can be attracting elevated educational curiosity. This selection of essays was once encouraged by means of the 1st foreign convention to without delay tackle the translator and interpreter s involvement in occasions of army and ideological clash, and its illustration in fiction.

Maori (Descriptive Grammars)

This booklet offers a uniquely complete linguistic description of Maori, the East Polynesian language of the indigenous humans of recent Zealand. this present day the language is lower than possibility and it kind of feels most probably that the Maori of the longer term will range particularly significantly from the Maori of the earlier. With few inflections Maori is instantly approached through linguists.

Varieties of English in Writing: The Written Word as Linguistic Evidence

This quantity is anxious with assessing fictional and non-fictional written texts as linguistic proof for previous different types of forms of English. those variety from Scotland to New Zealand, from Canada to South Africa, overlaying the entire significant different types of the English language worldwide. primary to the amount is the query of the way real written representations are.

The Art of Dialectic between Dialogue and Rhetoric: The Aristotelian Tradition

This ebook reconstructs the culture of dialectic from Aristotle's subject matters, its founding textual content, as much as its "renaissance" in sixteenth century Italy, and makes a speciality of the function of dialectic within the construction of data. Aristotle defines dialectic as a dependent alternate of questions and solutions and therefore hyperlinks it to discussion and disputation, whereas Cicero develops a mildly skeptical model of dialectic, identifies it with reasoning in utramque partem and connects it heavily to rhetoric.

Additional resources for Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines

Example text

Fredrickson & Swales (1994) present the hypothesis of discourse community pressure, and maintain that this is a variable in text analysis. The greater the competition in a territory, the greater the rhetorical effort authors have to spend in order to create a research space for themselves (ibid: 11). Hence, the way knowledge claims are argued in a crowded field may take a different textual shape than those argued in a more sparsely populated one. A related issue is raised in Melander (1998). In a comparison of scientific article introductions in English and Swedish within the two disciplines of medicine and biology, Melander finds that the medical articles in Swedish are aimed at a different audience (practitioners) than those in English (researchers).

G Carter-Thomas & Rowley-Jolivet 2001; Mauranen 2001b, forthcoming; Swales 2001; RowleyJolivet 2002) represents a clear trend within the field. The widening of the scope of studies involving academic discourse will, however, not solve the methodological problems currently experienced. On the contrary, we must expect the debate on how to accommodate all the possible variables in such studies into a unified framework to become even more intense in the years ahead. 1 Main theoretical approaches As outlined in Chapter 1, our main object of study is person manifestation as realised through voices and roles in the genre of the research article.

The point of view(pov), which is a semantic entity, related to a source 3. the discoursal beings, which are semantic entities that constitute the sources 4. the enunciative relations which relate the pov to the discoursal beings. There are two main enunciative relations – one of responsibility and one of non-responsibility. The responsibility relation is by far the most important. In the negation example (1) above, the locutor is responsible for the negative point of view (pov2). There are several subtypes of relations: for example, semantic-pragmatic relations (argumentative, counter-argumentative, reformulative) and logical-semantic (epistemic, refutative) (see Fløttum 2001b).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 5 votes