By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan
This completely up-to-date moment variation offers an summary at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and no more explored ecosystems inhabited by means of extremophiles akin to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wasteland sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are offered. an extra concentration is wear the position of those hugely really good microorganism in utilized study fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples reminiscent of novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection concepts for strength extraterrestrial existence kinds are mentioned in detail.
The booklet addresses researchers and complex scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.
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Additional info for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application
Clone libraries of 16S rRNA gene from the upper and lower interface and from the brine of the Thetis basin described the structure of bacterial and archaeal communities. In the interface samples, Proteobacteria were the more abundant taxonomic group within Bacteria, mainly represented by Epsilonproteobacteria (La Cono et al. 2011), although several other phyla were detected along Thetis interface by metagenomic study (Ferrer et al. 2012). Deltaproteobacteria and the division KB (Kebrit Deep)-1 were prevalent in the Thetis brine; Deltaproteobacteria adapted to high salinity values of Thetis brine were similar to those previously retrieved from the brines of other DHABs (van der Wielen et al.
However, some other extreme deep-sea environments can be found under different geodynamic situations. One interesting example is a cold brine seep system on the Saudi Arabian continental margin of the central Red Sea, discovered in 2010 and named Thuwal Seep (Batang et al. 2012) (Fig. 2a). 1 Localization, Origin, and Geochemical Features The Thuwal Seep system lies close to Saudi Arabian shore (about 20 km). 9′ E), located about 830 m apart along the base of a wall rock. The two seeps discharge cold hypersaline fluids and originate, on an underlying slight depression (within 840–850 m depths), a small brine pool.
2013). Microbiologists demonstrated the occurrence of life in DHABs discovered around the world. The first studies describing the microbial populations inhabiting DHABs focused on Bacteria and Archaea, and most of our knowledge about life in DHABs still concerns prokaryotes (Antunes et al. 2008; Borin et al. 2009; Daffonchio et al. 2006; Dickins and Van Vleet 1992). More recently increasing efforts were devoted to the characterization of microeukaryotic communities (Bernhard et al. 2014; Edgcomb et al.