Language Grammar

Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects by Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld

By Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld

Adverbs as a notice type are notoriously tough to outline. the amount bargains with the delimitation of this type, its inner constitution, the morphological makeup of adverbs and their positions in syntactic constructions. a more in-depth examine diachronic advancements sheds mild at the features of adverbial word-formation. considering adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this quantity offer new insights into the features of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted class and should be of curiosity to linguists operating within the fields of morphology, syntax and language swap.

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1874. The grammar of Dionysios Thrax: Translated from the Greek. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 8: 326–339. Ernst, Thomas. 2002. The Syntax of Adjuncts. Cambridge: CUP. Ernst, Thomas. 2003. Semantic features and the distribution of adverbs. In Modifying Adjuncts, Ewald Lang, Claudia Maienborn & Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen (eds), 307–334. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Ernst, Thomas. 2004a. Principles of adverbial distribution in the lower clause. Lingua 114: 755–777. 1016/S0024-3841(03)00050-0 Ernst, Thomas.

Nevertheless, however, furthermore), which – as their name suggests – introduce or connect sentences (cf. ). He also excluded from the category of adverbs forms like not, there (as in There once was a man) and the (as in the more the merrier). ). ). Interestingly, these are adverbs that Jackendoff (1973), based on their distribution and in this respect like Prepositional Phrases, described as ‘intransitive prepositions’. These also include adverbs that may occur as complements of verbs such as away, there, in(side), down, upstairs (as in Irving put the books there/away; He went in(side)/down; She lives upstairs) and many others that do not function as verbal ‘modifiers’.

For the present purpose it is not necessary to go into further detail. e. syntactic categories. These categories serve the determination of the possible positions of the adverbs in the structures of the sentences of a language, independently of their semantics (Gleason, Jackendoff), including their semantics (Haumann) or focusing on their semantics (Ernst). Adverbs that represent a particular syntactic category are lexically specified for syntactic or syntactically relevant properties, which determine their particular categoryhood.

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