By Maaike Groot
This quantity explores the position of animals within the rural groups of Civitas Batavorum within the first to 3rd centuries advert. Large-scale excavations of 2 settlements and a cremation cemetery in Tiel-Passewaaij have yielded an animal bone assemblage of round 30,000 fragments, and a helpful reference catalog of the particular animal deposits is integrated right here. the writer additionally investigates using animals in funerary and different rituals, in addition to the function of cattle within the neighborhood economic climate and within the construction of surplus items for the Roman market.
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Additional resources for Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)
Roman coins dating to this period are frequently found in rural settlements. More crucial is that the soldiers would pass on their knowledge about how money could be used. Although coins were already used in the Eastern Dutch River Area in the Late Iron Age, they were used in specific social contexts. Not much evidence 54 55 Roymans/Derks 1994, 31; Seijnen 1994, 171. 56 Roymans 1996, 74-76. Derks et al. ; Roymans/Derks 1994, 25; Van Es 57 Roymans 1996, 73. 1981, 198. 58 This paragraph is based on Aarts 2005, 5-6.
Fragmentation is closely related to the preservation of animal bones. Most complete bones were found in deeper features. Preservation seems to have been slightly better in Passewaaijse Hogeweg than in Oude Tielseweg. 2). However, this could be related to a different butchery system, or a different way of disposing of animal bone waste. 5 The percentage of loose teeth has only been calculated another zooarchaeologist, using a fragmentation system for part of the material from phase 7 in Oude Tielseweg.
We can distinguish between military sites and their accompanying habitation, the town of Nijmegen, rural settlements and temples. This classification is important for the study of production and consumption of food. 20 The strength of this study is that animal bones from different types of site were analysed: military sites, the urbanised centre of Nijmegen, native settlements, and a cult site. Lauwerier first touched on many research themes that have dominated zooarchaeological studies of Roman assemblages from the Eastern Dutch River Area.