Archaeology

Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social by Ian Kuijt

By Ian Kuijt

Drawing on either the result of fresh archaeological learn and anthropological idea, top specialists synthesize present pondering at the nature of and version inside of Neolithic social preparations. The authors study archaeological info inside of various methodological and theoretical views to reconstruct key facets of formality practices, hard work association, and collective social identification on the scale of the family, neighborhood, and region.

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Extra resources for Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation

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EARLY SEDENTISM IN THE NEAR EAST 23 aggregations gradually became permanent settlements, changing their way of life. By the onset of the Late Natufian (11,000-10,300bp), there were already, at least in the core area, sedentary hunter-gatherers specializing in particular food procurement strategies, namely intensive collection of cereals and/or acorns and lentils. The faunal remains, recovered from the various Natufian sites (see, for example Bar-Yosef et al. 1974; Bouchud 1987; Edwards 1987), reflect a ‘broad spectrum’ exploitation of food resources (Flannery 1973).

Most of the Late Natufian burials were recovered from Eynan (Mallaha), Hayonim Cave, and el-Wad, where the numbers of burials dwindle and most of them are secondary. The same also holds for the burials at the Late/Final Natufian site of Nahal Oren (Grognier and Dupouy-Madre 1974). The decorative items recovered from graves in the Early Natufian did not constitute burial offerings but were personal jewelry or, more probably, garment ornaments. Therefore it is quite possible that the increasing tendency toward secondary burials contributed to the disappearance of this custom which was quite rarely practiced to begin with.

Journal of World Prehistoy 3: 447-498. , and Belfer-Cohen, A,, 1989b, The Levantine "PPNB" Interaction Sphere. In People and Culture in Change, edited by I. British Archaeological Reports International Series 508, Oxford. , and Belfer-Cohen, A,, 1991, From Sedentary Hunter-Gatherers to Territorial Farmers in the Levant. In Between Bands and States, edited by S . A. Gregg, pp. 181-202. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois. , and Belfer-Cohen, A,, 1992, From Foraging to Farming in the Mediterranean Levant.

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