By Professor William Labov, Sharon Ash, Associate Professor of Linguistics Charles Boberg
"The Atlas of North American English" presents the 1st total view of the pronunciation and vowel structures of the dialects of the U.S. and Canada. The Atlas re-defines the neighborhood dialects of yankee English at the foundation of sound adjustments lively within the Nineties and attracts new obstacles reflecting these adjustments. it's in keeping with a cell survey of 762 neighborhood audio system, representing all of the urbanized parts of North the USA. it's been built by means of invoice Labov, one of many major sociolinguists of the realm, along with his colleagues Sharon Ash and Charles Boberg. The Atlas involves a broadcast quantity followed through an interactive CD-ROM. beginning January 2006, the print and multimedia content material can be on hand on-line. it's a mixed variation: publication and Multimedia CD-ROM. the broadcast quantity comprises: 23 chapters that re-define the geographic obstacles of North American dialects and hint the effect of gender, age, schooling, and town dimension at the development of sound switch; findings that exhibit a dramatic and lengthening divergence of English in North the US; 139 4 color maps that illustrate the nearby distribution of phonological and phonetic variables around the North American continent; and a hundred and twenty 4 color vowel charts of person audio system. The interactive multimedia CD-ROM supplementations the published articles and maps through delivering: an information base with measurements of greater than 100,000 vowels and suggest values for 439 audio system; the Plotnik software for mapping all the person vowel platforms; prolonged sound samples of all North American dialects; and interactive purposes to reinforce lecture room shows. the net basically model presents print and multimedia content material. the web in simple terms model deals: simultaneous entry to the print and multimedia content material to all clients within the university/library community; a much wider choice of interactive facts, maps, and audio samples that may be usually up-to-date; scholars with concurrent entry to investigate fabric for school room assignments.
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Additional resources for Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology and Sound Change
Bold ﬁgures indicate largest group in a region. 5 85 8 762 is beyond the scope of the current work. It is not likely that the Telsur interview would be able to trace the many variable tendencies in these English dialects, where consistent dialect patterns are still in the process of formation. The study of geographic differentiation among African-American speakers raises a different set of questions. Studies of AAVE have shown a remarkable geographic uniformity in those grammatical and phonological features that are distinctive to this dialect (NYC: Labov et al.
When /o/ merges with /oh/, it becomes by deﬁnition a member of the long and ingliding subsystem. The vowel of cot, rock, stop is then a member of the class that includes saw, law, draw, and is logically represented as /koht, rohk, stohp, soh, loh, droh/. A similar conclusion must be drawn from the merger of /o/ with /ah/. /o/ is a short vowel which cannot occur in word-ﬁnal position. When it merges with /ah/ it is then a member of a category that occurs freely in word-ﬁnal position. Sod and sob, with /o/, have the same vowel as facade and Saab, with /ah/, and therefore also as spa and bra, with /ah/ in ﬁnal position.
2. National ancestral groups identiﬁed in ﬁrst response to Telsur questionnaire. Bold ﬁgures indicate largest group in a region. 5 85 8 762 is beyond the scope of the current work. It is not likely that the Telsur interview would be able to trace the many variable tendencies in these English dialects, where consistent dialect patterns are still in the process of formation. The study of geographic differentiation among African-American speakers raises a different set of questions. Studies of AAVE have shown a remarkable geographic uniformity in those grammatical and phonological features that are distinctive to this dialect (NYC: Labov et al.