Theology

Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of Election: A by Matthias Gockel

By Matthias Gockel

The 1st distinctive comparability among the theologies of Friedrich Schleiermacher and the early dialectical theology of Karl Barth. Matthias Gockel exhibits that the doctrine of election in Barth's early theology bears a notable resemblance to the location of Schleiermacher. He demanding situations the normal knowledge that those positions - or `liberal theology' and `dialectical theology' - stand in irreconcilable competition. Barth articulates a clean evaluation of the doctrine not just in Church Dogmatics II/2, yet within the moment variation of his Epistle to the Romans and in his first sequence of lectures on Systematic Theology, the so-called G?ttingen Dogmatics. consequently, a resemblance among Schleiermacher and Barth is already discernible in Barth's early theology - at a time while he used to be writing his so much virulent criticisms of Schleiermacher.

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36. 30 Probing the Tradition and begin their religious self-development are the elect. The other persons belong to the mass of persons who are spiritually dead, although they never lose the ability to be revived. The event of regeneration, however, is as incomprehensible as every beginning of a new life is incomprehensible. 46 Schleiermacher concludes that the decree of election and reprobation is no more arbitrary than the decree of creation. At the same time, he rejects the idea of a particular decree of reprobation, which was the main stumbling-block for the Lutheran side, since it is as implausible as a positive decree not to create something.

Martin Ro¨ssler, Schleiermachers Programm der Philosophischen Theologie (Berlin, New York: de Gruyter, 1994), 45–53. In the case of theology, its goal consists in the preservation of the Christian faith by means of fostering a coherent direction of the Christian church. It must be noted that the task of direction pertains not only to the oYcial leaders of the church but to every active member in the congregation (Albrecht, Schleiermachers Theorie der Fro¨mmigkeit, 99–103). 5 Hans-Joachim Birkner, Theologie und Philosophie.

Ibid. 3. 59 Ibid. 19–41. 36 Probing the Tradition individual persons altogether. 60 Schleiermacher’s revision marks an important advance, since he is now able to explain that the idea of an unconditional divine decree does not necessarily imply a denial of general redemption, as many critics of the doctrine had claimed. The idea of a single decree overcomes the traditional attribution of election and reprobation to divine mercy and divine righteousness respectively and from there to two groups of human beings.

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