By Navid R. Moheimani, Mark P. McHenry, Karne de Boer, Parisa A. Bahri
This complete e-book information the newest advances within the microalgae organic sciences and engineering applied sciences for biomass and biofuel construction with a purpose to meet the continued want for brand spanking new and reasonable assets of meals, chemical compounds and effort for destiny generations. The chapters discover new microalgae cultivation thoughts, together with sturdy (biofilm) structures, and heterotrophic creation equipment, whereas additionally severely investigating subject matters akin to combining wastewater as a resource of food, the impact of CO2 on development, and changing biomass to methane via anaerobic digestion. The e-book highlights cutting edge bioproduct optimization and molecular genetic concepts, functions of genomics and metabolomics, and the genetic engineering of microalgae lines concentrating on biocrude creation. the newest advancements in microalgae harvesting and dewatering applied sciences, which mix biomass construction with electrical energy iteration, are offered, besides special techno-economic modeling. This large quantity was once written by means of revered specialists of their fields and is meant for a large viewers of researchers and engineers.
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Additional info for Biomass and Biofuels from Microalgae: Advances in Engineering and Biology
Bicellularis cells when they were immobilized on flat-surface alginate screens compared to their encapsulated form inside alginate beads. Canizares et al. (1993) used immobilized Spirulina maxima cells in kappacarrageenan gel beads for nutrient removal from swine waste. This immobilized system achieved around 90 % total phosphorus and ammonium-nitrogen removal, while it also allowed processing swine waste at higher concentrations. Chevalier 26 E. Eroglu et al. 1 Examples of studies on nutrient removal using immobilized algae Immobilization matrix Algal species Targeted pollutant Reference Alginate beads Chlorella vulgaris Ammonium, phosphate Total phosphorous, total nitrogen Ammonium, phosphate Tam and Wong (2000) JimenezPerez et al.
Developing integrated wastewater treatment processes that eliminate the undesired portion of the wastewater while converting it into valuable products is important in developing sustainable processes for the future. immobilization of algal cells is important in the development of an integrated process while simplifying the harvesting of biomass and providing the retention of the high-value algal biomass for further processing. There are, however, technical issues to address, such as the hybridization of different polymers for creating more efﬁcient and stronger immobilization matrix for algal cells.
1996). de-Bashan et al. (2002b) obtained higher ammonium and phosphate removal efﬁciencies after co-immobilization of C. vulgaris microalgae with plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense in alginate beads, relative to immobilized C. vulgaris cells alone. Tam and Wong (2000) obtained 78 % ammonium and 94 % phosphate removal efﬁciencies with immobilized C. vulgaris, entrapped in calcium alginate beads, compared to the 40 % ammonium and 59 % phosphate removal with free cells. Lau et al.